Clemantine "Marie" Richetti
W.A. "Blackie" Smalley
|Clemantine "Marie" Richetti
Clemantine "Marie" (Richetti) Smalley was born on 3 Jun 1901 in Freemont County,Orckville, Colorado. While
living in Lehigh Oklahoma during her teenage years Clemantine was arrested for petty theft and sent to the
Oklahoma Reformatory School. The oldest daughter to Bart and Elisabetta was to eventually
marry W.A. “Blackie” Smalley a disabled veteran of World War I. She had one son named Jack. Both Marie and
Blackie living a very tough lifestyle enlisted the help of Marie's parents Bartolomeo and Elisabetta in raising her
son Jack. Blackie and Marie had lived just outside of Wewoka, Oklahoma in a little town called New Lima.
Blackie and Marie lived a very meager existence eking out a living farming and doing whatever was necessary to
get by. Blackie and Marie developed a relationship and were close friends of the George Birdwell family, and
with Choc Floyd's family. Blackie had assisted on several bank robberies with George and Charles from time
to time just to help make ends meet for his family. Eva, Marie's youngest sister had temporarily lived with Marie
and Blackie after her failed marriage and loss of her son. When Adam had been released from Crown Point,
Indiana he too had moved in with Blackie and Marie while he had been on parole. It is there that Blackie and
Marie had introduced Adam and Eva to Charles Floyd and George Birdwell shortly after his release from Crown
Point in October 1930.J
Just prior to March of 1932 Blackie and Marie had petitioned the courts to acquire Eva's only son Fred that had
been placed in an orphanage. During the adoption proceedings the judge that had overseen the hearings
disapproved their request based on the fact that he considered the family to be destitute and unfit to raise young
On Wednesday, 9 March 1932, at 2:30pm Adam, driving a Chevrolet Coupe along with Fred Hammer, a local ex
sheriff and supposed leader of this gang, along with Luther (Blackie) Smalley pulled up just across the street of
the front door of the First National Bank at Mill Creek, Sulpher, Oklahoma. Fred Hamner and Blackie walked
across the street into the bank, as Adam awaited outside with the engine running. Once Fred and Blackie had
entered the bank they ordered everyone inside to lay down on the floor. Fred and Blackie had gathered almost
$830.00 dollars from the cashier drawers and vault, before the bank teller Vivian Dye could sound the alarm and
close the vault door. As the silent alarm went off one of the men fired shots into the vaulted door in anger, which
alerted more of the towns people. Both men ran from the bank, Fred carrying the satchel of money with Blackie
right behind him, only to be met by a hail of accurate shotgun and pistol fire by vigilant citizens.
These vigilantes were local citizens, they were armed to the teeth and ready for action. In the attempted shootout,
and escape, Fred dropped dead with a gunshot wound to the head. Blackie fell also being seriously wounded by
a shot to the head. Blackie along with Adam were held in the Sulpher Sanatorium where they recovered from
gunshot wounds. Later they were transported to McAlester Penitentiary.
On April 26, 1933 friends of Blackie and Adam; Coleman Rickerson, Clarance Garatley, and Shine Rush robbed
the bank at Comanche, Oklahoma. Leaving one man in their parked sedan, two men entered the bank and held
seven persons at gunpoint while forcing the cashier to hand over two thousand dollars. After they had released
five hostages, a posse man confronted them and was wounded in the hip in the gunfight that ensued. Clarance
Garatley, and Shine Rush rushed to Blackie's farm where they hid out in a cabin at the back of the farm.
Three days later on April 29, 1933 local law enforcement officials aided by a tip raided Marie and Blackie's farm.
In ensuing shoot out, Clarence Garatley is captured however Coleman Rickerson was killed in an ensuing
shootout when he refused to surrender. Blackie, and Marie along with her younger sister Eva were arrested for
harboring a criminal at a cabin behind their farmhouse.
Shortly thereafter on 3rd of June, 1933, Adam, his sister Marie, Charles and Ruby Floyd were out for an
afternoon joy ride. Their stolen car and joy ride was suddenly halted by a flat tire. While they were attempting to
replace the tire with the spare 3 Seminole county deputy sheriffs drove by doing a routine check. Charles Floyd
was asked to identify himself which he did by reaching under a blanket and pulling out a Thompson Submachine
gun. He pointed the machine gun at the deputy and told him to “Go to Hell'. The deputies took off back to
Wewoka for reinforcements.
Adam and Charles ran away on foot, leaving Marie and Ruby with the car. Marie, and Ruby Floyd then poured
gasoline on the car and lit it on fire. By burning the car they destroyed any evidence, and finger prints that where
there. The local law enforcement officers returning to the scene and immediately arrested Marie and Ruby.
Taking the two back to Wewoka, they further arrested Bradley Floyd, Blackie Smalley, and Troy Keesee, the
brother in law of State Representative C. L. Hill of Seminole County, who owned the stolen automobile.
Immediately thereafter the Sheriff of Wewoka raided Marie and Blackie's house and confiscated a Thompson
Submachine gun and a 45 caliber pistol, along with several bottles of whisky. It was there that they arrested
Marie's sister Eva once again.
All were jailed in Wewoka on June 3rd for stealing the car and bond was set at $2,000 each. After being
interrogated they were all released 5 June 1933. Later on Charles Floyd had written a letter to Sheriff Aldridge of
Wewoka, which was hand delivered by Blackie, and told them that if they did not return Blackie's guns that he
would come after them. Nothing ever did transpire with the exception of the sheriff sending back a message with
Blackie telling them to come ahead. He had lived his whole life here and wasn't leaving now. They could find him
at the jail house.
In a FBI mail covering on the Smalley's a letter was intercepted and translated on August 15, 1934 written by
Marie to her mother in Oklahoma. The letter was very poorly written in Italian, and made little sense. The letter
read: The letter was about a woman,(Eva Ricchetti) evidently a relative, who had gone to Texas and is destitute
and that she is unable to hellp her in as much as she is without money. The writer also makes reference to a
rumor that a man by the name of Martini (Adam Ricchetti) has visited her, which is denied, and the writer states
that she is sure that Martini (Adam) is not in the state of Texas.
An FBI informant by the name of Nell Ward had secured a picture of Rose and Juanita Baird from her sister
Pauline. Nell had explained to the FBI that she had been at her mother's house in Kansas City, Missouri on Sept
3rd of 1934 and while there was introduced to a Marie and Blackie Smalley of Oklahoma and that they were
friends of Charles Floyd and Adam Ricchetti. Supposedly Marie and Blackie were conveying a message to Rose
and Juanita at the time. Nell's mother had been receiving mail from Floyd and Richetti thru a lawyer by the name
of Robert Coleman who had an office in Kansas City.
In mid Feburary of 1935, Blackie and Marie had traveled to McAlester, Ok to pick up Marie's sister Eva. Eva was
just being released from jail for a charge of armed robbery of a motor vehicle. Leaving McAlester OK they headed
to Mena, Arkansas on Feb 19th, 1935. Blackie Smalley accompanied by his wife Marie (Richetti) Smalley and her
sister Eva (Richetti) Simpson robbed the bank at Mena Ark of $2,000.
They then turned southwest thru Texas. Later the next day on Feb 20th while driving thru Hobbs, New Mexico on
their way to Carlsbad, NM, the trio was stopped by local officers who suspected the car in which they were riding
had been stolen. Blackie tried to get to his gun, Deputy Sheriff Kerley said Smalley was over powered before he
could use the weapon.
Marie (Richetti) Smalley and her sister Eva (Richetti) Simpson were released. Deputy Sheriff Kerley said that the
two women according to Arkansas authorities were not wanted. The car proved to be that of Marie Smalley who
had secured it with a down payment at Wewoka, Oklahoma. Both Marie and Eva returned to Wewoka, Oklahoma.
Blackie Smalley, 40, former member of the Pretty Boy Floyd gang was arrested by Sheriff Wilford Kerley and jailed
in Lovington, N.M. on a charge of robbery with firearms. Blackie had refused extradition. While in jail at Lovington,
N.M. Mrs. Sallie Graves and her son Cleve from Cove, Arkansas who was robbed, bound, and gagged of her life
savings of $2,000 in 1933 was accompanied by the sheriff to New Mexico to identify Blackie. In addition Sheriff
Jones named another suspect involved, "Shine" Rush, one time desperado who was currently serving a term in
Oklahoma penitentiary for robbery.
On March 16th , 1935 on the return trip from Lovington, N.M. to Mena, Arkansas, Blackie, alias Bill Williams, at
age 45, became ill shortly after his arrival at the county jail. He had been taking "medicine" and died at the county
jail the next morning. His wife Marie Smalley returned from Wewoka, Oklahoma to claim his body.
Clemantine eventually remarried Jack Freer in early 1940. Marie and Jack moved from Oklahoma and lived out
their lives in Steubenville, Ohio working for Wheeling Pittsburgh Steel. Jack died in 1967. Marie moved to
California and lived out her life living with her only child Jack Smalley and his wife Nina in San Diego, Ca.
On 13 December of 1943 L.C. Smalley, Blackie’s brother while confined to the Oklahoma State Reformatory was
working in the prison canteen during that afternoon when he was approached by 2 inmates, Moses Johnson a
native American Indian and Stanley Steen. Both inmates accosted Smalley and robbed the canteen of $30.00
and Smalley of his watch. Smalley reported the robbery to Chief Sergeant Pat Riley at 3:15pm. Chief Sgt Pat
Riley located both suspects in the boiler room where they had worked. When Riley asked them to accompany him
to the sergeant’s office Steen told him “No, we are not going with you, you have made your last pinch here.”
Johnson then struck Riley repeatedly with a hammer and Steen cut him twelve times with a long-bladed home-
made knife. The two convicts carried Sergeant Riley’s body to the prison boiler room intending to “put him in the
boiler and burn him up,” but found that he was too big to stuff through the boiler door. Steen then suggested that
they leave Riley’s body and “go get Smalley.”
Leaving Sgt Riley on the floor to die, both inmates hurried to the prison canteen where other inmates in the area
realized what was going on and quickly exited the canteen. Moses Johnson then confronted L.C. Smalley and
stabbed him with an ice pick killing him. Shortly thereafter other prison guards arrested the two inmates in the
canteen but not in time to save Blackie’s brother L.C Smalley. The numerous witnesses insured their conviction
and shortly after midnight on November 1, 1946 Mose Johnson a native American Indian died in the electric chair.
Chief Sergeant Riley had been with the agency for ten years and was survived by his wife, a daughter and four
Marie's son Jack had been raised by Bart and Elisabetta. Ricchetti. He eventually went on to join the Merchant
Marines. Afterwards he moved to California living in San Diego. He became an accomplished Trap and Skeet
shooter eventually became a National Trap Shooting Champion. Jack cared for his mother until the end of her
Marie had carried a heavy burden all her life knowing that she had been responsible for introducing her brother
Adam to Charles Floyd, and as a result he was put to death because of that introduction and association. Marie
died in Aug 1984 at 83 in Santa Clara, California.